Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue
Also known as K 31 was introduced into the
United States from Europe in the early 1800's. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue grass
thus became established in pastures and and lawns across North America.
While Kentucky 31 tall fescue has and is used extensively for live stock
pasture grass, agronomists no longer recommend Kentucky 31 for livestock
pastures due to the presence of endophytes.
Endophytes are a naturally occurring fungus in fescue grass species that
protect the grass from insects and disease.
Kentucky 31 Tall fescue is now used primarily in
turf and lawn grass applications.
While K-31 can make a nice turf lawn, notice the more coarse
open appearance compared to other improved turf types.
When used as a lawn grass, Kentucky 31 exhibits these desirable traits:
- Attractive green color.
- Considered drought resistant.
- Handles traffic - wear well.
- More heat tolerant than other Tall Fescue varieties
- Easy to establish and economical
Kentucky 31 is one of the older "proven" lawn grass
varieties with a light green, coarse texture. K-31 remains popular still because
of it's lower price and good overall usage qualities (drought / wear / easy
establishment). This variety selection is ideal for average lawn and turf
Establishment of Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue Grass
Light Required: Full sun to medium shade (4-8 hours of daily
Sun Tolerance: Very good
Grass Color: Dark
Grass Texture: Moderately fine
Traffic Tolerance: Good
Zones: 1,2,3,5,6,7,8, upper parts of zones 9 &
Recommended Planting Dates: Early spring or early
Planting Rate: New Lawns: 8 lbs/1,000 sq
Overseeding: 4 lbs/1,000 sq ft
Depth: 1/8 inches
Mowing Height: 3-4 inches