FIRE ANT CONTROL
Fire Ants are reddish-brown to black in color, 1/8 - 1/4 inch in
length, with aggressive behavior, inhabiting dome-shaped mounds (1-3 inch
diameter); nests may also be in rotting wood. They are also found in
well motor and fuse boxes where they damage wiring. Mounds can be up to
6 feet below the ground. Most of the population are workers which
gather food and care for the youth. Fire Ants mainly feed on other
insect and seeds. In heavy rains, workers will build rafts out of eggs,
pupae, and larvae to protect the queens.
OUCH: Fire Ants are capable of multiple
stings (10-20 at a time). A sting releases chemicals that alert other
workers to attack as well. This is a defense action to protect the
HER MAJESTY: The queen's sole purpose is
to reproduce. She can produce 100-200 eggs a day for up to 6 years
after only mating once. New queens can grow wings, relocate, and start
CONTROL: The fact is that no one Fire Ant
control program is perfect. Even the best pest control programs will
only yield about 90% control, according the University of Texas.
Control of Fire Ants can be achieved many different ways:
Baits are usually more expensive per pound but require less
insecticide to do the job. Baits are highly attractive baits made from
vegetable oils and food products in combination with an insecticide.
Baits are unique in that they are formulated to trick the worker ants
into contaminating the food stores of the mound before dying. Some
baits, like Logic or Award, are slow because they work by causing
sterility in the ant population. These products are good for areas like
ranches, parks and golf courses. For quicker a acting bait, Payback Fire Ant Bait is now available with a new biologically-derived active
ingredient called Spinosad developed by Dow.
Insecticide Dusts like Garden Insect Dust and Carbaryl Dust work
quickly because the dust particles get struck to the ants as they
travel throughout the mound.
Insecticide Granules like Fire Ant Control Granules are popular
because they are not as messy to use as dusts and inexpensive. But
granules, to be most effective, should be watered-in after application
to the mound.
Insecticide Concentrates like Permetrol Lawn Insecticide are also used to drench individual mounds or treat the whole lawn.
Payback Fire Ant Bait:
- Contains Conserve Insecticide
- Dead Ants in 24 Hours
- Controls Fire Ants for up to 2 Months
- Ready To Use Bait, No Watering In
- For use on Lawns, around Perimeter of Home and Ornamental Plants
Amount to use:
- Mounds: 4 Tbs for each mound
- Broadcast Application: 1/2 - 3/4 cup for each 1,000 sq ft
- For mounds greater than 15 inches in diameter use 6 Tbs per mound.
How it works:
Fire ant colonies are started by newly mated queens that fly
into an area, burrow into the ground and begin laying eggs. Several
flights are common during the summer, often shortly after rain. It
takes several weeks for new mounds to appear. Combining mound and
broadcast applications eliminates visible mounds and helps prevent new
mounds from forming.
Payback Fire Ant Bait is very attractive and deadly to fire
ants. Payback contains Spinosad which is a new, biologically-derived
insecticide from Dow Agrisciences which has won the Presidential Green
Chemistry Award. Fire ants quickly find and pick up this bait, take it
back to the mound, and feed it to the entire colony including the
queens. Ants start dying in 24-36 hours with colony destruction in 3 to
14 days. Broadcast applications may take longer.