Egyptian Wheat Food Plot Seeds
Egyptian wheat is a member of
the sorghum family and is excellent for quail. Bears large seed heads.
Seeds will be ready for game 110 days after emergence. Plant after
danger of frost at one inch deep.
Use 10 lbs. per acre.
wheat produces long, slender stalks that reach 7 to 10 feet in height.
The loose seed heads are borne on light, drooping stems clustered at the
top of the plants. The rounded, slightly flattened seeds are smaller
than most other grain sorghum seeds and are enclosed by light husks.
Egyptian wheat matures at 120 to 140 days.
Excellent Quail Food Plot Seed
characteristics of Egyptian wheat make it ideally suited as a food and
cover plant for quail. Unlike other grain sorghums, Egyptian wheat is
not prone to damage by flocks of blackbirds. Its spindly seed heads
prevent blackbirds and other relatively large birds from perching on the
upper stems to eat the seeds.
Egyptian wheat mature s late,
and its seeds last into late winter, when native foods of quail are
scarce. Quail will begin using Egyptian wheat seeds as soon as they
mature, but quail probably benefit most from these seeds during late
fall and winter.
The tall growth structure of the plants
provides protective cover where quail can feed while remaining safe from
detection or successful attack by predators. Its growth form also
provides good cover for young quail.
Deer damage to t he plant
is usually not a problem. Although deer will eat Egyptian wheat seed
heads, use by deer is not excessive, except in years of poor acorn
Establishment Plot Selection. Egyptian wheat grows
best on fertile, well-drained sites receiving full or lightly filtered
sunlight. It is suited to all regions of Alabama, but it grows poorly in
deep, excessively drained, sandy soils.
Plots should be
located in or near good quail cover. Good locations include fields,
field edges, utility right-of-ways, and forest openings.
plots of 1/10 to 1/4 acre are large enough to supplement native foods
of quail. Long, relatively narrow plots are preferable to other shapes.
Plots should be at least 15 feet, but not more than 25 feet, in width
for efficient bird dog work and hunting.
disk the plots well before planting. Harrow plots no later than late
April to avoid destroying quail nests. Planting Dates. Plant Egyptian
wheat after all danger of frost has past, but before June 1. The best
dates for planting Egyptian wheat in Alabama are from April 15 to May
Egyptian wheat seed should be planted
in rows spaced 3 feet apart. Broadcast planting is usually
unsatisfactory. Plant 4 to 6 pounds of seed per acre. The best
production generally occurs at lower rates (4 pounds per acre). The
ideal spacing for the plants leaves about 3 to 4 inches between adjacent
plants in the row.
plots according to soil-test recommendations. If the soil is not tested,
apply about 400 pounds of 5-10-10 or its equivalent per acre.
Side-dressing is necessary for good seed production. Side-dress with 75
to 100 pounds of ammonium nitrate per acre when plants reach 15 to 25
inches in height. If weed control by cultivation is needed, side-dress
during the last cultivation.
some seeds from the last growing season may sprout and produce seeds
the following year, Egyptian wheat plots should be replanted each year.
The same plots may be planted in successive years, but repeated
plantings usually require cultivation for weed control.
quail-management purposes, it is best to establish new plantings
adjacent to or near earlier plantings. Seed-producing grasses and weeds
will volunteer in idle plantings. This native vegetation will provide
additional, varied food sources for quail. By planting original plots on
a 3-to-5 year rotation, the abundance and diversity of quail food can